About Department

Description of water resources like wells, canals and dams could be seen at many places in Vedas. In Rig-Veda description of wells, kavat could easily be seen at many places. Water from well, used to be fetched from wheels made of stone, in which container is tied to rope. Wells were not only used to fetch the water for daily use of humans and animals, but were also used for irrigation too. In Rig-Veda word ‘Awta’ is also mentioned which is the symbol of Well. In other hymn word ‘Kulya’ is being mentioned, which means ‘Artificial Canal.’ In Yajurveda one can see the description of ‘digging of canals.’ Even Guru of Devas ‘Brahaspati’ had said that repairing and modification of dams and canals is a holy practice and rich society of state should take its responsibility. Whole this history clears that irrigation sources have always been an important part of civilization and livelihood.

Around 3150 B.C. many epics described the irrigation farming since the time of Mahabharat. When Rishiraj Narad visited King Yudhisthir’s state to meet him in this context, then he questioned him about the condition of farmers in his state, that whether they are healthy or not? Are reservoirs large and sufficient and do they have sufficient of water and does water is supplied to various parts of state? All these questions and concerns shows that even in Mahabharat Era irrigation was one of the main agenda for development of the society.

Since the formation of Irrigation and Water Resource Department U.P., it is focused toward the development and construction of dams, canals and wells. Department executed it objective and facilitated the state’s citizens’ with the sufficient facility of irrigation and in meanwhile department also executed flood prevention works and always strives to avoid horrors of flooding.

Civil Organization


Total Geographic Area of the state   

240.93 lac hectares


Total cultivable Command Area

187.71 lac hectares


(a) Area sown for the first time

165.93 lac hectares


(b) Area sown more than one time

90.22  lac hectares


(c) Area sown entirely

256.15 lac hectares


Maximum Actual Cultivation (Year 2013 &14)

75.65 lac hectares


Irrigation capacity created by canals and tubewells in the state

125.45 lac hectares

6 Total number of drains in state 6450 Adada


Total length of drains in the state

42625.91 km


Length of total canals in the state

74248.43 km



73051.85 km

Main Canal

5310.82 km


Other States

1196.58 km

Branch Canal

7380.69 km


Total -

74248.43 km


24625.74 km




36931.18 km


Number of reservoirs in the state

71(except 02 reservoirs irrigation is carried out in the remaining 69)


(a) Length of dams in the state for protection from flood

3813.967 km


(b) Areas benefited from Point (a)

16.12 lac hectares

Mechanical Organization

  • No. of working national tubewells in the state-33,375
  • From total 33,375 working national tubewells, 25205 national tubewells have a capacity of 1.5 cusec and remaining 8170 national tubewells have a capacity of 1.0 cusec. A total irrigation of 29.29 lac hectares is obtained from working national tubewells in the state.
  • From total 249 small branched canals, irrigation capacity of 1.77 lac hectares is obtained .
  • Total 28 large and medium pump canals are functional. The main work of large and medium canals is carried out by Mechanical Organization while the work of recording the irrigation is carried out by Civil Organization.