Sharda

Brief History of system

To provide secured irrigation facility in Nainital, Peelibhit, Bareily, Lakhimpur Kheiri, Shahjahanpur, Hardoi, Unnao, Lucknow, Barabanki, Raebareli, Pratapgarh, Sultanpur, Jaunpur, Azamgarh, Ghazipur and Prayagraj districts located in Sharda/Ghaghra doab of Uttar Pradesh, a barrage has been constructed on Sharda river near Banbasa in Khatima Tehsil of Nainital, from where Sharda Main Canal has been originated (from the right side of barrage). Construction for this project was started in 1918 and in 1928 project get completed and the water supply to certain areas get started. Under an International agreement, a regulator has been constructed on the left side of the Banbasa barrage, which is known as the Nepal Regulator. This regulator supplies 180 cusec water to Rabi and 250 cusec water to Kharif in Nepal./p>

The total length of the Sharda main canal is 44.3 K.M. and the envisaged discharge at the head is 11500 cusec. From 26.5 K.M. right bank, Bilaspur branch originates and from 38.5 K.M. right Nigoha Water Branch originates of the main canal. Envisaged discharge of these water canals is 350 and 500 cusec respectively. From tale Sharda canal, Hardoi water branch and Kheiri Water Branches get divided. Envisaged discharge of Hardoi Water Branch is 5400 cusec and this nurtures the area located in Ganga Gomti Doab. Envisaged discharge of Kheiri Water Branch 2800 cusec, from this land of Gomti Ghagra Doab, get cultivated.

 

Main features of this system are as below

1

Length of main canal

44.3 K.M.

2

Length of Water Branches

1634 K.M.

3

Length of Rajvaha and Alpika

8283 K.M.

4

Total

9961.3 K.M.

5

Cultivable command area

16.12 Lac

6

Proposed Cultivable Khareef

25%

7

Proposed Cultivable Rabi

24%

It is known that before Sharda Sahayak project total cultivable area of this canal system was 25.4 lac hectare and proposed cultivation of Kharif and Rabi was 15.3% and 17.4% respectively. After Independence, efficient development took place in the field of Agriculture and use of productive seeds and fertilizers also done sufficiently. Which result to the limitation of actual cultivation of districts situated at the end of this canal system to 19 percent only.

Salient Features of system

Barrages/Dam

Sharda Barrage Banbassa

1

NAME OF DISTRICT/STATE

CHAMPAWAT/UTTRAKHAND

2

NAME OF RIVER

SHARDA

3

CATECHMENT AREA

5788 SQ. MILES

4

MAXIMUM DESIGNED FLOOD (WITH DEKENS=904)

6 LAC CUSECS (16,900 CUMECS)

5

YEAR OF COMPLETION

1928

6

TOTAL LENGTH OF CANAL SYSTEM

7632 MILES

7

EVER MAXIMUM FLOOD

544476 CUSEC 18 JUNE 2013

SECOND MAXIMUM FLOOD

522000 CUSEC 21 AUGUST  1934

8

DISTANCE BETWEEN ABUTMENTS

598.63 METRES (1964.00 FT.)

9

R.L OF FLOOR

(A)  UNDER SLUICE BAYES

U/S 218.54 M. (717.00 FT.)/D/S 215.20 M. (706.00 FT.)

(A)  BARRAGE BAYS

U/S 219.15 M. (719.00 FT.)/ D/S 218.54 M. (717.00 FT.)

10

NO OF BAYS

(A)UNDER SLUICE BAYES

4 NOS

(B)  BARRAGE BAYS

30 NOS

TOTAL

34 NOS

11

WIDTH OF EACH BAY

15.24 METRES (50 FT.)

12

THICKNESS OF PIERS

2.43 METRES (8 FT.)

13

LENGTH OF IMPERVIOUS FLOOR

(A)  UNDER SLUICE BAYES

U/S 22.86 M. (75.00 FT.)/ D/S 43.89 M. (144.00 FT.)

(A)  BARRAGE BAYS

U/S 15.54 M. (51.00 FT.)/ D/S 27.12 M. (89.00 FT.)

14

AVERAGE RAINFALL AT BANBASSA

1524 M.M. (60 INCHES)

15

MAXIMUM DISCHARGE PASSED THROUGH BARRAGE

5,44,476 CUSECS IN 2013

16

TOTAL COST OF PROJECT IN 1928

Rs. 9,50,80,063/-

Canal

S.No. Name of Channel Discharge(cumec) Length(k.m.) Remark
 शारदा मुख्य नहर  11500  45.000  शारदा नदी के दांये किनारे से निकलती है
 नेपाल चैनल  1000  1.100  शारदा नदी के बांये किनारे से निकलती है
पुरानी शारदा देवहा 1250 10.460  शारदा मुख्य नहर के किमी0 11.400 पर दांये बैंक से निकलती है
बाईपास चैनल 8000 12.950 शारदा मुख्य नहर के किमी0 12.640 पर दांये बैंक से निकलती है
नगला स्केप 7500 2.010 शारदा मुख्य नहर के किमी0 15.830 पर बांये बैंक से निकलती है
नई शारदा देवहा पोषक 1400 15.790  शारदा मुख्य नहर के किमी0 26.580 पर दांये बैंक से निकलती है
खीरी शाखा 3021 1.600 शारदा मुख्य नहर के किमी0 45.000 पर बांये बैंक से निकलती है
हरदोई शाखा नहर 5400 37.010 शारदा मुख्य नहर के किमी0 45.000 पर दांये बैंक से निकलती है
सब्सीडियरी हरदोई शाखा नहर 3500 24.950 आउटलेट चैनल के किमी0 3.270 पर दांये बैंक से निकलती है

S.No. Channels Total No. Total Length Remark
Distributaries  NIL    
Minors  NIL    

S.No. Name of the System C.C.A (Heet.) P.P.A (Heet.) Benefited Remark
Kharif Rabi District Village (Nos.)
 NIL            
 NIL            

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